Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Recreation Theory and Philosophy

Guide created for Recreation Leadership Course with Dan Caston.

Definition:

Self-efficacy is a person’s belief that he or she can (or cannot) successfully organize and execute an action to achieve a desired outcome in a particular situation. 

Self-Efficacy Theory (Exert from: "Outdoor Adventure Pursuits: Foundations, Models, and Theories.")

Originally conceptualized by Bandura (1977), self-efficacy refers to personal judgements of how well one can preform actions in specific situations that may contain ambiguous, unpredictable, and stressful features. Self-efficacy implies a personal appraisal and weighing of both ability and non-ability factors such as:

  • Perceived ability for the activity
  • Amount of effort to be expended
  • Perceived difficulty of the task
  • Amount of expected assistance to be received
  • Type of situational circumstances
  • Previous patterns of success or non-success

In addition, individual efficacy statements can be made and altered by four processes: (1) performance accomplishment, (2) verbal persuasion, (3) vicarious experience, and (4) emotional arousal.

Ewert, A. W. (1989). Models and Theories in Outdoor Adventure Pursuits. In Outdoor Adventure Pursuits: Foundations, models, and Theories (pp. 91–92). essay, Publishing Horizons, Inc.

Media/Videos:

Links/Documents:


Search Almost Everything
Limit Your Results

Advanced Search | Classic Catalog | Publication Finder | Write-N-Cite | Help